Wednesday, July 19, 2006

Links to Sources of EPA Test Methods on the Internet


Air Test Methods

Looking for air methods and guidance documents? These are available at the Technology Transfer Network site (EPA HQ)

    at Directory of TTNWeb sites, select
    EMC (emissions from stationary sources)
    Methods

    or select
    AMTIC (ambient and air toxics)
    Monitoring Methods
    Air Toxics for the TO series(TO-01 through TO-17
    )

40 CFR Methods
You can obtain 40 CFR (40 Code of Federal Regulations in 17 volumes) (EPA HQ) from the Web.

SW-846 Waste Methods
All of the Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste Physical/Chemical Methods are available from EPA's website as Adobe Acrobat files at www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/test/main.htm (EPA HQ)

Miscellaneous Methods Available on the Web
Links to many methods can be found in the Sources section of the Adobe Acrobat version of the Index. (PDF file size 931Kb.)

Agricultural analytical Services Lab

Recommended Soil Testing Procedures for the Northeastern United States

Recommended Soil Testing Procedures for the Northeastern United States

2nd Edition
Northeastern Regional Publication No. 493

Agricultural Experiment Stations of Connecticut, Delaware, Maine,Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and West Virginia.

Revised
December 15, 1995

Table of Contents

Foreword

  • Maurice L. Horton,USDA Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service

Introduction

  • J. Tom Sims and Ann Wolf

Chapter 1: Laboratory Quality Assurance Programs

  • Bruce Hoskins, University of Maine

Chapter 2: Soil Sample Preparation and Extraction

  • Bruce Hoskins, University of Maine

  • Donald Ross, University of Vermont

Chapter 3: Recommended Soil pH and Lime Requirement Tests

  • J. Thomas Sims, University of Delaware

  • Donald Eckert, Ohio State University

Chapter 4: Recommended Soil Nitrate-N Tests

  • Gary Griffin, University of Connecticut

  • William Jokela, University of Vermont

  • Donald Ross, University of Vermont

Chapter 5: Recommended Soil Tests for Macronutrients: Phosphorus, Potassium, Calcium and Magnesium

  • Ann Wolf, Pennsylvania State University

  • Douglas Beegle, Pennsylvania State University

Chapter 6: Recommended Soil Tests for Micronutrients: Manganese, Zinc, Copper, and Boron

  • J. Thomas Sims, University of Delaware

Chapter 7: Recommended Soil Sulfate-S Tests

  • Rabinder Singh, University of West Virginia

  • D. K. Bhumbla, University of West Virginia

  • R. F. Keefer, University of West Virginia

Chapter 8: Recommended Soil Organic Matter Tests

  • E. E. Schulte, University of Wisconsin

Chapter 9: Recommended Methods for Determining Soil Cation Exchange Capacity

  • Donald Ross, University of Vermont

Chapter 10: Recommended Soluble Salts Tests

  • Karen Gartley, University of Delaware

Chapter 11: Recommended Test Procedures for Greenhouse Growth Media

  • Daryl Warncke, Michigan State University

Chapter 12: Interpretation of Soil Testing Results

  • Douglas Beegle, Pennsylvania State University

Appendix: Summary of Soil Testing Methods in the Northeast

Northeast Coordinating Committee on Soil Testing (NEC-67)

NEC-67 is sponsored by the Agricultural Experiment Stations of Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and West Virginia. NEC-67 representatives include:

Soil Methods


Analyte Method Reference
pH Water Eckert, D. and J.Thomas Sims. 1995. Recommended Soil pH and Lime Requirement Tests. p. 11-16. In J.Thomas Sims and A. Wolf (eds.) Recommended Soil Testing Procedures for the Northeastern United States. Northeast Regional Bulletin #493. Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Delaware, Newark, DE.
Lime requirement Mehlich buffer Mehlich, A. 1976. New buffer pH method for rapid estimation of exchangeable acidity and lime requirement of soils. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Analysis. 7, 637-652.
Available P, K, Ca, and Mg Mehlich 3 (ICP) Wolf, A.M. and D.B. Beegle. 1995 Recommended soil tests for macronutrients: phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and magnesium. p. 25-34. In J. Thomas Sims and A. Wolf (eds.) Recommended Soil Testing Procedures for the Northeastern United States. Northeast Regional Bulletin #493. Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Delaware, Newark, DE.
Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) Summation Ross, D. 1995. Recommended soil tests for determining soil cation exchange capacity. p. 62-69. In J. Thomas Sims and A. Wolf (eds.) Recommended Soil Testing Procedures for the Northeastern United States. Northeast Regional Bulletin #493. Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Delaware, Newark, DE.
Organic matter Loss on Ignition Schulte, E.E. 1995. Recommended Soil Organic Matter Tests. p. 47-56. In J. Thomas Sims and A. Wolf (eds.) Recommended Soil Testing Procedures for the Northeastern United States. Northeast Regional Bulletin #493. Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Delaware, Newark, DE.
Total C Combustion- Fisons NA 1500 Elemental Analyzer Nelson, D.W. and L.E. Sommers. 1996. Total Carbon, Organic Carbon, and Organic Matter. p 961-1010. In D.L. Sparks (ed). Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3. Chemical Methods. Soil Science Soceity of America Book Series Number 5. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI.

Pella, E. 1990. Elemental organic analysis. Part 1. Am. Lab 22: 116-125
Nitrate N Specific Ion Electrode Griffin, G. 1995. Recommended Soil Nitrate-N Tests. p. 17-24. In J. Thomas Sims and A. Wolf (eds.) Recommended Soil Testing Procedures for the Northeastern United States. Northeast Regional Bulletin #493. Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Delaware, Newark, DE.
Ammonium N Specific Ion Electrode Mulvaney, R.L. 1996. Nitrogen-Inorganic Forms. p. 1123-1200. In D.L. Sparks (ed). Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3. Chemical Methods. Soil Science Soceity of America Book Series Number 5. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI.
Total N Combustion- Fisons NA1500 Elemental Analyzer Bremner, J.M.. 1996. Nitrogen-Total. p. 1085-1121. In D.L. Sparks (ed). Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3. Chemical Methods. Soil Science Soceity of America Book Series Number 5. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI.

Pella, E. 1990. Elemental organic analysis. Part 1. Am. Lab 22: 116-125
Soluble Salts Electrical Conductivity (1:2) Gartley, Karen. 1995. Recommended Soluble Salts Tests. p. 70-75. In J. Thomas Sims and A. Wolf (eds.) Recommended Soil Testing Procedures for the Northeastern United States. Northeast Regional Bulletin #493. Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Delaware, Newark, DE.
Total Sorbed Cu, Zn, Pb, Ni, Cd, Cr, Mo EPA Method 3050/3051 USEPA. 1986. Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste. Volume IA: 3rd Edition. EPA/SW-846. National Technical Information Service. Springfield, Va.
Particle Size Analysis Hydrometer Method Gee, G.W. and J.W. Bauder. 1986. Particle size analysis. p. 383-411. In A. Klute (ed.) Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 1. Physical and Mineralogical Methods. Agronomy Monograph #9 (2nd Edition). Amer. Soc. Agron. Madison, WI.
As EPA Method 3050/3051 + 7060 USEPA. 1986. Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste. Volume IA: 3rd Edition. EPA/SW-846. National Technical Information Service. Springfield, Va.
Se EPA Method 3050/3051 + 7740 USEPA. 1986. Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste. Volume IA: 3rd Edition. EPA/SW-846. National Technical Information Service. Springfield, Va.
Hg EPA Method 7470 USEPA. 1986. Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste. Volume IA: 3rd Edition. EPA/SW-846. National Technical Information Service. Springfield, Va.
Calcium carbonate equivalency (CCE) ASTM Method C 25 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Limestone, Quicklime, and Hydrated Lime, ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA

http://www.aasl.psu.edu/soil_methods.htm

Friday, July 07, 2006

Soil and Plant Analysis

Laboratory Manual

1. Introduction (40KB)

2. Soil and Plant Sampling, and Processing (72KB)

2.1 Soil
2.2 Plant

3. Laboratory Facilities, Quality Control, and Data Handling (85KB)

3.1 Laboratory Organization
3.2 Laboratory Safety
3.3 Quality Control and Standardization Procedures
3.4 Data Processing

4. Soil Physical Analysis (150KB)

4.1 Soil Moisture Content
4.2 Particle Size Distribution
4.3 Saturated Paste
4.4 Field Capacity Moisture and Permanent Wilting Point

5. Soil ChemicaL Analysis (87KB)

5.1 pH
5.2 Electrical Conductivity
5.3 Calcium Carbonate
5.4 Organic Matter
5.5 Cation Exchange Capacity
5.6 Gypsum

6. Soil Nutrients Sodium and Anion Analysis (240KB)

6.1 Nitrogen

6.1.1 Kjeldahl Nitrogen
6.1.2 Total Nitrogen
6.1.3 Mineral Nitrogen
6.1.4 Nitrate-Nitrogen
6.1.5 Microbial Biomass Nitrogen and Carbon

6.2 Phosphorus

6.2.1 Extractable Phosphorus
6.2.2 Total Phosphorus
6.2.3 Organic Phosphorus

6.3 Potassium

6.3.1 Extractable Potassium
6.3.2 Soluble Potassium
6.3.3 Exchangeable Potassium

6.4 Sodium
6.5 Calcium and Magnesium
6.6 Carbonate and Bicarbonate
6.7 Chloride
6.8 Sulfate

6.8.1 Turbidimetric Method
6.8.2 Precipitation Method

6.9 Boron

6.9.1 Hot-Water Method
6.9.2 Dilute Hydrochloric Acid Method

6.10 Micronutrient Cations

6.10.1 DTPA Method
6.10.2 Ammonium Bicarbonate-DTPA Method

7. Plant Analysis (127KB)

7.1 Nitrogen

7.1.1 Kjeldahl Nitrogen
7.1.2 Nitrate-Nitrogen
7.1.3 Total Nitrogen

7.2 Phosphorus
7.3 Macro- and Micro-nutrients by Dry Ashing
7.4 Boron
7.5 Micronutrients analysis by Wet Digestion
7.6 Ferrous Analysis in Fresh Plant Tissue

Box 1: Influence of pH ON plant Nutrient Availability
Box 2: Soil-Plant Analysis by Automated Laboratory Equipment
Box 3: Soil and Water Analysis for EnvironmentalL Pollution
Box 4: Irrigation Water Quality

8. References (49KB)

9. Supplementary Reading (86KB)

Appendix 1. Abbreviations
Appendix 2. Conversion Factors for SI and Non-SI Units
Appendix 3. Symbols, Atomic Number, and Atomic Weights of Elements
Appendix 4. Solution Concentrations
Appendix 5. Some Useful Relationships
Appendix 6. Concentration, Normality, and Amount of Concentrated Acids and Bases to Make 1-L of 1 N Solution
Appendix 7. Soil pH Levels and Associated Conditions
Appendix 8. Summarized Soil Test Methods for Fertility Evaluation of Alkaline Soils
Appendix 9. Generalized Guidelines for Interpretation of Soil Analysis Data
Appendix 10. Suggested Plant Tissue Sampling Procedures for Selected Dryland Crops Appendix 11. Generalized Interpretation of Cereal Tissue Analysis Data
Appendix 12. Classification Criteria for Salt-Affected Soils
Appendix 13. Soil Salinity Classification
Appendix 14. Relative Salt-Tolerance Limits of Crops
Appendix 15. Relative Tolerance of Species to Boron Toxicity
Appendix 16. Mesh Sizes of Standard Wire Sieves
Appendix 17. Equivalent Weights
Table of Contents (PDF) Files

Foreword (68KB)

Monday, July 03, 2006

Methods for the analysis of Soil, Plant, Water, and Environmental Samples

Methods for the analysis of Soil, Plant, Water, and Environmental Samples

The analyses/procedures utilized by the AES labs are posted online (as available) as a readily accessible reference for our lab personnel.

People outside of the AES labs can order our methods reference as a paid publication. Specific method information may be made available upon request.

For information or to place an order, please call
(706) 542-5350.

Table of Contents
General Information
Soil, Plant, and Water Analysis Lab
Introduction
Table of Contents
Soil Analysis
Plant Tissue Analysis
Water Analysis
Environmental Analysis
Litter, Lagoon, Manure, and Sludge Analysis
Feed Analysis
Other Available Analysis

Lecture Notes for Soils

Lecture Notes for Soils - Power Point

Lecture Notes are in Power Point as used in the lectures. All pictures and graphs from lecture are in the Power Point Presentation.

If you want to use these notes in lecture you should copy them from the Web as the outline form and paste them into your word processing program and organize the notes according to your needs.

Fall 2005- See Class Schedule 2125 orClass Schedule 1125 for the date of the lecture.

T. Cooper

Lecture Notes From Power Point Presentations

Introductory Lectures
Intro A Intro to Soil Science

Intro B-What is Soil?

Lecture 1a 1a) Soil from Rocks Soil From Rocks

Lecture 1b 1b) Soil as a Resc. Soil as a resource: Soil Texture & Structure

Lecture 2a 2a) Soil Texture- Soil Texture

Lecture 2b 2b) Soil Texture--Soil Texture and Hydrology

Lecture 3a 3a) Soil Horizons

Lecture 3b 3b Writing profile descriptions Writing soil profile descriptions & Forest Soils

Lecture 4a 4a) Soil Forming Factors - PM Soil Forming Factor : Glaciation as a Parent Material & Climate

Lecture 4b 4b) Soil F.F. -Biotic- Topography - TimeSoil Forming Factors - Biotic, Topography, & Time

Lecture 5a 5a )Soil Taxonomy

Lecture 5b 5b)Soils of Minnesota --Same as Soils of the Week

Lecture 6a 6a) Soil Weight & Tillage

Lecture 6b 6b) Constructed Wetlands

Lecture 7a 7a) Soil Water

Lecture 7b 7b Water Movement & Hydrologic Cycle

Lecture 8 8) Soil Survey & Practice with Water Problems

Lecture 9a 9a) Carbon Cycle -

Lecture 9b 9b) Nitrogen Cycle

Lecture 10a 10a) Organic Matter

Lecture 10b - 10b) The Challenge of Ephosus & Soil Erosion

Lecture 11 11) Clay Minerals

Lecture 12a 12a Soil Chemistry-

Lecture 12b - 12b Cation Exchange

Lecture 13a13a) Fertility N, P, & K

Lecture 13b13b) Fertility and Nutrient Uptake


Lecture 1414) Soil Pollution



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Introduction to Web Lab Units

Unit 1 The Materials for Making Soil

Unit 2 Soil Texture

Unit 3 Soil Horizons

Unit 4 Soil Forming Factors

Unit 5 Soil Taxonomy

Unit 6 Soil Bulk Density

Unit 7 Soil Water

Unit 8 Soil Survey

Unit 9 Soil Organisms & The Nitrogen Cycle

Unit 10 Soil Organic Matter, Peatlands, & Soil Erosion

Unit 11 Clay Minerals

Unit 12 Soil pH & CEC

Unit 13 Fertilizers & Soil Fertility

Home Page for Basic Soils

Lab skill for geographers

Tuesday, May 30, 2006


TOP

PCB Symposium 2002 in Japan

PCB Symposium 2003 in Malaysia

About the Japan Offspring Fund

About the Japan Fund for Global Environment

PCB Symposium 2003 in Malaysia
For Elimination of PCBs from Asian countries (PENANG DECLARATION ON POPs)
We, the participants from countries in the Asia-Pacific region to the International Symposium on PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) express here our concern about the continuing presence of POPs in our environment and their harmful effects on human and animal health.

STOP PCB Symposium (2003/2/24)

Project : Contamination of dumping site in Malaysia
Canada: Effecting Awareness of "The Oceans We Share"
Australia: PCBs as Hazardous Wastes: The Australian Experience
Taiwan: Twenty-Four Years after the Yucheng Incident--Current Update on PCBs Issues in Taiwan
Malaysia: PCBs Situation in Malaysia

STOP PCB Workshop (2003/2/25)
Case study: POPs in human breast milk
Japan: Country report from Japan
Korea: What CACPK do ? STOP! PCBs
Hong Kong: PCBs Situation in Hong Kong
China: PCBs Pollution in China
Indonesia: The Current Situation on PCBs in Indonesia


| Country report | Current situation |
Abstracts: | English | Chinese |
News in Chinese and English


PCB Symposium 2002 in Japan
ÚæÆ^ªFÅ•Ñc
Let's eliminate PCBs from Asia.
PCB Symposium2002
Country report from Japan
Country report from Malaysia
Country report from Korea
Country report from Taiwan
Country report from Hong Kong
Comparison of the current situations in each country
Activities of 2002-2003